Plagiarism has been derived from a Latin word meaning "kidnapping". In simple words plagiarism can be defined like stealing or coping someone else ideas, theories or opinions and presenting them under own name.

What is plagiarism? Why is it important? How can we avoid it? In order to answer all these questions we must first clearly understand this term.

These days plagiarism has become very common for academic purpose, it is a serious crime and breach of academic principle which is completely unacceptable. With the introduction of the internet, it is becoming more common between students and even professionals; they usually plagiarized intentionally or sometimes unintentionally. Plagiarism is deceitful act and strongly penalized. If a person have a complete knowledge of any subject, there will be no need of doing this shameful act.

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The cut and copy paste phenomenon has become so common that students hardly do any efforts to write their own ideas or even try to use their own knowledge, they usually do so because of short of time or to avoid taking any hassle. (Van Bramer)

Forms of Plagiarism

There are many forms of plagiarism that are improper paraphrasing, coping someone else work, or writing summaries without proper citations. The most common reason of intentional plagiarism is demand and stress of getting good grades. However, unintentional plagiarism can be avoided. There are many people who are not aware of citing references properly and correctly. So, it is our foremost duty to use proper referencing style and quotation marks when using someone else work.

Plagiarism is a dishonest act. It is our duty as an educator to teach students of all age to avoid plagiarism by presenting it and making wrong use of internet facility. This was a brief on "what is plagiarism" . So, if you were looking for definition of plagiarism, I hope this article explained that well to you.

What is a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA)?

What is PDA? A PDA is a handheld device, usually just a mobile phone that can perform various business functions, described in the next section. Some PDA's also have audio and video capabilities and one can use them just as a phone and a digital assistant for their office or other business tasks. There are some PDAs that do not have phone capability and these are very advanced digital assistant devices made for medium – large level businesses needs. PDAs also have wireless connectivity options like WiFi, etc and can connect to the Internet through it, WAN or extranets.

PDA Features

PDAs comes with many different features. The typical PDA features include the following:

Many PDAs can synchronize data on user's personal computer. This helps in prevention of data in case the PDA is lost or damaged. Synchronization is done through the provided software on the PDA or using synchronization software on the computer. Synchronization can be done through wires or wirelessly. Many touch screen PDAs support external keyboards as well and these can be connected via USB, Bluetooth or Infrared. Other features of a PDA include Touch Screen, stroke recognition, handwriting recognition and virtual keyboard.

Use of a PDA

A PDA can also read eBooks, which can be uploaded directly on the PDA. This is useful for commuters, students, etc who want to do eBook reading on the go or while relaxing on the couch. Students also use a PDA for note-taking, spell checking, word dictionary lookup, etc. Some health organizations also use PDAs to organize medical records, providing reminders of treatments, accessing drug information or medical news. The development of Sensor Web technology will alert doctors with the help of a PDA to provide treatment to the patient as soon as it will be required by the patient.

One of the common uses of a PDA in all types of industries are barcode scanning, signature taking.

Latest PDAs On the Market
  • iPhone
  • Palm Pixi
  • Palm Pixi Plus
  • Palm Pre
  • HTC HD2
  • iPod Touch


So you have a mySQL database that you want to empty it? No problem! It is a very easy job. In this article I will explain how to empty a mySQL database content in a simple and a quick way. 

Method 1

1. In mySQL, click on your database name.

2. Select (tick) all the tables

3. At the bottom there is a button DELETE, click it.

That's it. All content is deleted from your database tables.

Method 2:

Step 1: Open myphpadmin

Step 2: Click on the SQL tab.

Step 3: Type SQL command - DROP DATABASE ""your-database-name"" (without quotes)

This will drop all tables in your database

Method 3:

Step 1: Login as mySQL admin or root user with this command $mysql -u root -p

Step 2: Drop the database - DROP DATABASE ""your-database-name"" (without quotes)

Step 3: Now you need to recreate the database, and to do this use this command - CREATE DATABASE ""your-database-name"" (without quotes)

Step 4: Now exit and close the session

This was how to empty a mySQL database the easiest ways!

Are you unsure about how to download iTunes to your computer? In this article I explain the process in its entirety

So You Want To Download iTunes, the Process is Easy
How do i download iTunes onto my computer? Downloading iTunes onto your computer is as easy as A.B.C. Still, many people are unaware of the procedure, and so think it is perhaps difficult to do. If you want to download iTunes onto your computer, this article will help you do that; but before you learn how to do this, it is important to find out what the prerequisites are for installing the software. By knowing the software and hardware requirements beforehand you can determine whether you can download and run the software on your computer or not.
If your computer meets the software and hardware requirement of iTunes, you can download it onto your computer; otherwise you will need to upgrade your computer hardware and/or software to meet the iTunes requirements.

iTunes Hardware Requirements

  • CPU: Minimum 1.0 Ghz AMD or Intel processor. 2.0 Ghz Dual Core CPU is required to play HD video,iTunes Extras or an iTunesLP.
  • RAM: Minimum 512 MB of RAM. 1 GB is required to play HD video, iTunes Extras or an iTunes LP.
  • Screen Resolution: Minimum 1024x768 is required. 1280x800 of greater is required to play iTunesExtras or iTunesLP.
  • Internet: Broadband Internet is required to use the iTunesStore.
  • Disc drive: DVD or CD recorder to create MP3 CDs, audio CDs, or backup DVDs or CDs
  • QuickTime compatible audio card
  • DirectX 10.0 or higher edition-compatible video card with 32 MB of memory. 64 MB is recommended.
  • 200 MB of available hard disk space.
iTunes Software Requirement
  • Operating System: Windows XPSP 2 or later or 32-bit Windows Vista or 32-bit Windows 7. The 64-bit version of Vista and Windows 7 require the 64-bit iTunes installer.
  • QuickTime 7.6.6 or later

Procedure Downloading iTunes

Now that you know the hardware and software requirement of iTunes, you can download the program.
To download iTunes onto your computer, follow these steps:
1. Open your internet browser (i.e Internet Explorer,Chrome, or whichever you use)
2. Type in the Apple iTunes download website address: in the address bar, hit Enter.
3. When the website opens, enter your email address, tick/untick the options to receive emails from Apple on iTunes, their products and services, and finally enter your location if not correctly set, and click the Download Now button.
4. If you are using Chrome you will see a message confirming you want to download the file. Click Save. In Internet Explorer, a File Download window opens. Click Save and the download will start. If you are using some other Internet browser, you might or might not receive the confirmation message. If you do, click Save when prompted, and the iTunes will begin to download onto your computer automatically.

Dealing with the Internet Explorer Information Bar

When you use Internet Explorer for downloading iTunes, you may see that a yellow information bar appears when you click on the iTunes download link. This is a security feature in Internet Explorer that prevents files from downloading. When the information bar appears click this bar and select Download the File. A File Download window will appear, click on Save, and choose the disk location where you want to save the file. The iTunes setup file is 78 MB, and can take between 5 to 15 minutes to download, depending on your internet speed. Once the download completes, you can double-click on it to install iTunes on your computer.
This was how you download iTunes on your computer. So if you were wondering "how do i download iTunes onto my computer", this article helped you do that!