Viewing Project Budget Information in Primavera P6

How to view budget information in Primavera? Here are the commonly used columns in Primavera to view different budget information. The budget information will help you plan the project within the approved project budget and it will also tell how much of the budget has been approved, distributed through projects in EPS or WBS Elements in the WBS Structure.

Original Budget: Initial budget allocated (Edit in column or in Budget Log tab - the very first budget)

Current Budget: Current budget (Original budget +/- what is defined in Budget Log)

Proposed Budget: Proposed new budget after budget amendments (Edited in Budget Log Tab - define the budget as logs)

Distributed Current Budget: Budget distributed down through the EPS structure (Budget defined in Original Budget field/column, rolled up to top.  Shows total rolled up value on the top level EPS/WBS Element only)

Unallocated Budget: Budget left that has not been distributed down through the EPS structure (Current Budget - Distributed Current Budget)

These budget columns can be opened in both Project window and WBS window to view budget at the project and WBS level.

Real Life Uses of TCP | Real Life Uses of UDP

Earlier I explained functions of TCP/IPadvantages of UDP over TCP, and advantages of TCP over UDP. Find here the real life uses of both TCP and UDP.

Example Uses of TCP Protocol:

  • Internet (HTTP)
  • Secure Shell (SSH)
  • Email (SMTP/IMAP/POP)
  • File transfer (FTP)
  • Internet banking
  • Remote access to network devices
  • SMS

Uses of UDP protocol:

  • Audio and video streaming
  • Voice over IP (VoIP)
  • Online gaming
  • Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP)
  • Domain Name System (DNS)
  • Radio (AM)
  • WiFi
  • Video conference

These were the real life uses of UDP and TCP. There may be more uses of TCP and UDP, but with the examples above, I hope you now have understood the role of TCP and UDP well.

Different Types Of Keyboards

A keyboard acts as a mandatory hardware component in the computer system. In the earlier times when a device like a mouse or light pen was not present, keyword was the only source available to input data. Different types of keyboards are available that are chosen by users according to their preferences and requirements. These are mentioned below:

Lightened Keyboards
These key boards are very helpful when there is lack or no availability of light. As the user presses each key, a light glows that makes the particular key apparent. For instance if the user presses the letter “A”, a light will glow at the base of the keyboard. These key boards are very attractive and are mostly preferred by teenagers and students.

Wireless Keyboards
These keyboards provide the factors of convenience and compatibility to the users as no wires are required. Wireless key boards work with the help sensors instead of wires and the users can sit on a comfortable couch instead of a hard chair facing the computer screen. The duration required to display the entered data on the computer screen is much shorter in these key boards as compared to the traditional ones.

QWERTY keyboards
Using keyboards on continuous basis can be damaging to the human wrists and finger joints. The bone joints loose calcium content and become brittle with the passage of time. QWERTY key boards are designed to minimize this effect. The layout of these keyboards is such that minimum stress is exerted on the hand joints. According to medical researches, QWERTY keyboards and quite effective in preventing the weakening of hand joints.

MINI keyboards
These keyboards are smaller as well as lighter than a normal keyboard. They are similar to a laptop keyboard in terms of appearance and are preferred by laptop users mostly. It is hard for frequent laptop users to work on a desktop system. However a MINI keyboard makes the task comparatively easy. These keyboards are mostly wireless to provide a higher level of comfort.

Advantages Of TCP Over UDP

Advantages of TCP over UDP

I earlier explained advantages of UDP over TCP, find out below the advantages of TCP over UDP.

1. Data packets which get lost during transmission are sent again, thus ensuring complete information is sent.

2. TCP ensures no duplicate data is sent, hence also saves bandwidth.

3. Data is sent in the same order in which it is sent.

4. TCP breaks up data into Packets automatically for you.

Recommended Use of TCP

TCP is best used for sending emails (IMPAP/POP/SMTP) where every letter and word of the message must be sent and received. TCP is also important to use for FTP where file downloading and uploading requires every information of the file to be completely sent/received. In a secure connection, like SSH, TCP is also necessary where acknowledgement of sensitive information being fully sent and received is required.

These were the advantages of TCP over UDP. Also read:

Tags: Advantages of using TCP protocol over UDP, advantages of TCP over UDP

Answering: How to Change Default Currency in Primavera

It is difficult to change the currency for each resource. Hence, it is better to change the base (default) currency in Primavera. By changing the default currency, all the resources and expenses will show monetary value in the Default currency that you have set.

Here is how to change the default currency in Primavera.

Step 1: Open 'Admin' menu and click on 'Currencies'

Step 2: The first currency that you see on the top of the list is in US Dollars. It is Default Currency. Rename this to another currency. Enter the currency name, any symbol, and currency ID

Step 3: Click 'Close' to close the window.

That's it. You have changed the Default currency. Now, in every window of Primavera and in the reports, the Default currency will show.

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